Rule No. 3: Players, Substitutes and Coaches

I: Team | II: Starting Line-ups | III: The Captain
IV: The Coach and Others | V: Substitutes | VI: Uniforms (Players Jerseys)

I: Team

a. Each team shall consist of five players. No team may be reduced to less than five players. If a player in the game receives her sixth personal foul and all substitutes have already been disqualified, said player shall remain in the game and shall be charged with a personal and team foul. A technical foul also shall be assessed against her team. All subsequent personal fouls, including offensive fouls, shall be treated similarly. All players who have six or more personal fouls and remain in the game shall be treated similarly.
b. In the event that there are only five eligible players remaining and one of these players is injured and must leave the game or is ejected, she must be replaced by the last player who was disqualified by reason of receiving six personal fouls. Each subsequent requirement to replace an injured or ejected player will be treated in this inverse order. Any such re-entry into a game by a disqualified player shall be penalized by a technical foul.
c. In the event that a player becomes ill and must leave the court while the ball is in play, the official will stop play immediately when her team gains new possession. The player will be replaced and no technical foul will be assessed.

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Section II-Starting Line-Ups

At least ten minutes before the game is scheduled to begin, the scorers shall be supplied with the name and number of each player who may participate in the game. Starting line-ups will be indicated. Failure to comply with this provision shall be reported to the Operations Department.

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Section III-The Captain

a. A team may have a captain and a co-captain numbering a maximum of two. The designated captain may be anyone on the squad who is in uniform, except a player-coach.
b. The designated captain is the only player who may talk to an official during a regular or 20-second timeout charged to her team. She may discuss a rule interpretation, but not a judgment decision.
c. If the designated captain continues to sit on the bench, she remains the captain for the entire game.
d. In the event that the captain is absent from the court or bench, her coach shall immediately designate a new captain.

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Section IV-The Coach and Others

a. The coach's position may be on or off the bench from the 28' hash mark to the baseline. All assistants and trainers must remain on the bench. Coaches and trainers may not leave this restricted 28' area unless specifically requested to do so by the officials. Coaches and trainers are not permitted to go to the scorer's table, for any reason, except during a timeout or between periods, and then only to check statistical information. The penalty for violation of this rule is a technical foul.
b. Coaches are not permitted to talk to an official during any timeout. (See Rule 3-Section III-(b) for captain's rights).
c. A player-coach will have no special privileges. She is to conduct herself in the same manner as any other player.
d. Any club personnel not seated on the bench must conduct themselves in a manner that would reflect favorably on the dignity of the game or that of the officials. Violations by any of the personnel indicated shall require a written report to the Operations Department for subsequent action.
e. The bench shall be occupied only by a league-approved head coach, a maximum of two assistant coaches, players and trainer.
f. If a player, coach or assistant coach is ejected or suspended from a game or games, he/she shall not at any time before, during or after such game or games appear in any part of the arena or stands where his/her team is playing. A player, coach or assistant coach may only remain in the dressing room of his/her team during such suspension, or leave the building.

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Section V-Substitutes

a. A substitute shall report to the scorer and position herself in the 8' Substitution Box located in front of the scorer's table. She shall give her name, number and whom she is to replace. The scorer shall sound the horn as soon as the ball is dead to indicate a substitution. The horn does not have to be sounded if the substitution occurs between periods or during timeouts. No substitute may enter the game after a successful field goal by either team, unless the ball is dead due to a personal foul, technical foul, timeout or violation. She may enter the game after the first of multiple free throws, whether made or missed.
b. The substitute shall remain in the Substitution Box until she is beckoned onto the court by an official. If the ball is about to become live, the beckoning signal shall be withheld. Any player who enters the court prior to being beckoned by an official shall be assessed a technical foul.
c. A substitute must be ready to enter the game when beckoned. No delays for removal of warm-up clothing will be permitted.
d. The substitute shall not replace a free throw shooter or a player involved in a jump ball unless dictated to do so by an injury whereby she is selected by the opposing coach. At no time may she be allowed to attempt a free throw awarded as a result of a technical foul.
e. A substitute shall be considered as being in the game when she is beckoned onto the court or recognized as being in the game by an official. Once a player is in the game, she cannot be removed until the next dead ball.
Exception: Rule 3-Section V-f and Comments on the Rules-O.
f. Any substitute may be removed after a successful free throw attempt which is to remain in play, if the offensive team requests and is granted a regular timeout.
g. A substitute may be recalled from the scorer's table prior to being beckoned onto the court by an official.
h. A player may be replaced and allowed to re-enter the game as a substitute during the same dead ball.
i. A player must be in the Substitution Box at the time a violation occurs if the throw-in is to be administered in the backcourt. If a substitute fails to meet the requirement, she may not enter the game until the next dead ball. Exception: In the last minute of each half or overtime, a reasonable amount of time will be allowed for a substitution.
j. Notification of all above infractions and ensuing procedures shall be in accordance with Rule 2-Section VII.
k. No substitutes are allowed to enter the game during an official's suspension-of-play for
(1) a delay-of-game warning,
(2) retrieving an errant ball
(3) an inadvertent whistle or
(4) any other unusual circumstance. Exception: Suspension of play for a player bleeding. See Comments on the Rules-O.

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Section VI-Uniforms (Players Jerseys)

a. Each player shall be numbered on the front and back of her jersey with a number of solid color contrasting with the color of the shirt.
b. Each number must be not less than 3/4" in width and not less than 4" in height on both the front and back. Each player shall have her surname affixed to the back of her game jersey in letters at least 2" in height. If a team has more than one player with the same surname, each such player's first initial must appear before the surname on the back of the game jersey.
c. The home team shall wear light color jerseys and the visitors dark jerseys. For neutral court games and doubleheaders, the second team named in the official schedule shall be regarded as the home team and shall wear the light colored jerseys.

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