WNBA Adopts Longer Three-Point Line
"It will be interesting to see how these rules affect the play of the game in the WNBA. Moving back the three-point line and widening the lane is designed to open up the inside game and create more space for offensive players to work in."
"A nine-inch increase in the three-point shot shouldn’t have much of an effect on three-point shooting percentages since a number of players in the WNBA (Sheryl Swoopes, Becky Hammon, etc.) are consistently hitting shots from well beyond that distance already. But that nine inches on the defensive end might be enough to free things up for players that like to penetrate and get to the basket."
"Widening the lane is something that has been done on two occasions in the NBA, from six to 12 feet in 1952-53 and from 12 to 16 feet in 1964-65. Pushing the post players further away from the basket could have the effect of keeping the lane less cluttered, and giving players more room to operate underneath."
"The adjustments made to the rules governing resetting of the shot clock are designed to speed up the pace of the game, which should in turn increase the league scoring average."
“The intent behind these changes is to increase our teams’ offensive productivity,” said WNBA Director of Basketball Operations Tracy Ellis-Ward. “Increasing the width of the lane and the length of the three-point line are both designed to clear out space in the post so that offensive players will have greater freedom of movement. The adjustment in resetting the shot clock should help speed up the game and increase the number of possessions per game, which we also hope will lead to more scoring.”
The Three-Point Line (listed by distance)
|American Basketball League (men)||1961-63||23’ 9”|
|American Basketball Association||1967-76||23’ 9” (22’ 0” in the corners)|
|National Basketball Association||1979-94, 1997-present||23’ 9” (22’ 0” in the corners)|
|National Basketball Developmental League||2001-present||23’ 9” (22’ 0” in the corners)|
|Continental Basketball Association||1979-2001||23’ 9” (22’ 0” in the corners)|
|Women’s Pro Basketball League||1979-81||23’ 9” (22’ 0” in the corners)|
|Southern Conference (NCAA) *||1980-84||22’ 0”|
|National Basketball Association||1994-97||22’ 0”|
|FIBA||1984-present||20’ 6 ¼”|
|Women’s National Basketball Association||2004-||20’ 6 ¼”|
|NCAA (Men & Women)||1986-present||19’ 9”|
|American Basketball League (women)||1996-99||19’ 9”|
|Women’s National Basketball Association||1997-2003||19’ 9”|
|Fordham vs. Columbia (Men’s College) **||1945||Unknown|
* The Southern Conference received permission to utilize a three-point shot in all conference games and a handful of non-conference games during the 1980-81 season, setting the distance at 22’ 0”. Other conferences followed suit at varying distances before the NCAA formally adopted the three-point shot for the 1986-87 season at 19’ 9”.
** Basketball Hall of Famer Howard Hobson was a big proponent of the three-pointer, and the first recorded use of the shot occurred during this February 7, 1945 game between Fordham and Columbia.