Rule No. 9: Free Throw
I: Positions | II: Shooting of Free Throw
III: Time Limit | IV: Next Play
a. When a free throw is awarded, an official shall put the ball in play by placing it at the disposal of the free throw shooter. The shooter shall be within the upper half of the free throw circle. The same procedure shall be followed each time a free throw is administered.
b. During a free throw for a personal foul, each of the spaces nearest the endline must be occupied by an opponent of the free throw shooter. Teammates of the free throw shooter must occupy the next adjacent spaces on each side. Only one of the third adjacent spaces may be occupied by an opponent of the free throw shooter. It is not mandatory that either of the third adjacent spaces be occupied. No teammates of the free throw shooter are permitted in these spaces.
c. A player who does not occupy a free throw lane space must remain 6' from the free throw lane line and/or 3' from the free throw circle.
d. If the ball is to become dead after the last free throw, players shall not take positions along the free throw lane. No players shall be allowed inside the free throw line extended while a free throw is being attempted under these conditions.
(1) If the violation is by either team and the free throw attempt is successful or occurs on the first of multiple free throw attempts, it is ignored.
(2) If the violation is by an opponent of the free throw shooter and the free throw attempt is unsuccessful, a substitute free throw attempt is awarded.
(3) If the violation is by a teammate of the free throw shooter, it is a violation as soon as the free throw is attempted. The ball is awarded to her opponent on the baseline.
a. The free throw(s) awarded because of a personal foul shall be attempted by the offended player. Exceptions: (1) If the offended player is fouled and is subsequently ejected from the game, before attempting the awarded free throw(s), she must immediately leave the court and another of the four players on the court will be designated by the opposing coach to attempt such free throw(s).
(2) If the offended player is injured and cannot attempt the awarded free throw(s), the opposing coach shall select, from his/her opponent's bench, the player who will replace the injured player. That player will attempt the free throw(s) and the injured player will not be permitted to re-enter the game. The substitute must remain in the game until the next dead ball.
(3) If the offended player is injured and unable to attempt the awarded free throw(s) due to any unsportsmanlike act, her coach may designate any eligible member of the squad to attempt the free throw(s). The injured player will be permitted to re-enter the game.
(4) If the offended player is disqualified and unable to attempt the awarded free throw(s), her coach shall designate an eligible substitute from the bench. That substitute will attempt the free throw(s) and cannot be removed until the next dead ball.
(5) Away from play foul-Rule 12B-Section X-a(1).
b. A free throw attempt, personal or technical, shall be illegal if an official does not handle the ball and is in the free throw lane area during the actual attempt.
c. If multiple free throws are awarded, all those which remain must be attempted, if the first and/or second attempt is nullified by an offensive player's violation.
Each free throw attempt shall be made within 10 seconds after the ball has been placed at the disposal of the free-thrower.
After a successful free throw which is not followed by another free throw, the ball shall be put into play by a throw-in, as after a field goal if the try is successful. Exception: After a free throw for a foul which occurs during a dead ball which immediately precedes any period, the ball shall be put into play by a jump ball in the period which follows. (See Rule 6-Section I c).