WNBA Rules Comparison
RULE: FREE THROW POSITIONS (Mandatory Spots)
NCAA: Only bottom two lane spaces must be occupied by opponents of the free throw shooter. All players must be above the free throw line extended and behind the 3 pt. line
NBA: Bottom four spaces (starting adjacent to baseline) must be occupied. All other players can be 6 feet from the free throw lane and/or 3 feet from the free throw circle.
RULE: OPPOSING COACH OR COACH OF INJURED PLAYER SELECTS THE SUBSTITUTE TO ATTEMPT FREE THROWS
NCAA: A coach of an offended player (who cannot attempt free throw(s) can select a substitute player to attempt free throw(s)
NBA: If an offended player cannot attempt free throws (due to injury), the opposing coach may select (from his opponents bench) a player to attempt free throw(s). The injured player may not return to the game.
RULE: TEN SECOND RULE
NBA: No more than 10 seconds of continuous control in the backcourt.
RULE: STOPPAGE OF TIMING DEVICE
NCAA: Last minute of regulation and/or overtime following a successful field goal attempt. No substitutions allowed.
NBA: Last two minutes of regulation play and/or overtime following a successful field goal attempt.
WNBA: Clock stops in last minute of each half and overtime following successful field goal attempt.
RULE: ADVANCING THE BALL AFTER A TIMEOUT
NBA: After being awarded a timeout in the last 2 minutes of the game, the offensive team may select where to put the ball in play (midcourt line or designated spot out-of-bounds) if the ball has not been advanced. Ball must be passed into the front court.
WNBA: After being awarded a regular or 20 second timeout in the last minute of the game or overtime, the offensive team may select where to put the ball in play (midcourt or designated spot out-of-bounds) if the ball has not been advanced. The ball must be passed into the front court.
RULE: FOULS, PENALTIES AND TECHNICALS
NCAA: Technical foul (2 FT and ball) - unsportsmanlike conduct. Flagrant personal foul (2 FT and ball) - involves violent contact and ejection. Flagrant technical foul (2 FT and ball) - persistent noncontact unsportsmanlike conduct - ejection. Intentional foul (2 FT and ball) - not a legitimate attempt to play the ball or player.
NBA: Flagrant foul penalty 1 (2 FT and ball) Flagrant foul penalty 2 (2 FT and ball; offender is ejected) Fighting foul (Technical foul, no FT's and offenders are ejected) Pushing foul (1 FT and ball; offender is ejected) Loose ball foul (1 FT plus penalty FT and ball) Elbow foul (offender is ejected)
RULE: SUBSTITUTIONS DURING 20-SECOND TIMEOUTS
NCAA: 5 minutes
NBA: Limited to 1 per team. If the team calling the timeout makes a substitution, then the opposing team can also substitute a player.
RULE: SHOT CLOCK
NCAA: 30 seconds
NBA: 24 seconds
RULE: TEAM FOULS/BONUS FREE THROW
NCAA: 7 team fouls (shoot 1+1)
NBA: 5 team fouls per period (shoot 2) (If a team has not reached 4 team fouls in the first 10 minutes of each period, the team gets one more in the last 2 minutes without penalty) Overtime - Team fouls over 3 result in a penalty of two free throws.
WNBA: 8 team fouls per half = 2 free throws. In final minute of each half, if a team has not reached 8 team fouls or 3 team fouls in overtime, it shall be permitted one more without penalty; on the second foul the team will shoot 2 free throws. Overtime - Team fouls over 3 result in a penalty of two free throws.
RULE: JUMP BALL
NCAA: Only at start of game - then teams alternate possession